How to Perform Benchmark Testing?

How to perform Benchmark testing

How to Perform Benchmark Testing?

Benchmark testing plays a crucial role in software testing, helping developers and organizations ensure their software meets high performance and reliability expectations. Today’s digital world demands fast, responsive, and reliable applications, whether mobile apps, web services, or complex enterprise solutions.

Benchmark testing has been a cornerstone of performance evaluation for years. It goes beyond raw specifications, providing a real-world picture of how software and hardware behave under various loads.

In this blog, we’ll unveil the secrets of benchmark testing. We’ll start by defining it and explaining why it’s important, then delve into the different types and walk you through the steps to perform it.

What is Benchmark Testing?

Benchmark testing definition

Benchmark testing, a subset of performance testing, involves assessing a software system or component’s performance, capabilities, or metrics against predefined standards or benchmarks. Its primary aim is to ascertain the quality standards of every software application within your organization. This form of testing typically encompasses evaluations of software, hardware, and network performance.

The purpose of benchmark testing is to compare your application’s past, present, and future updates against established benchmarks or criteria. These benchmarks serve as predefined metrics or standards of comparison, enabling the evaluation of the software’s performance. Moreover, they determine the software’s alignment with desired levels of functionality, speed, reliability, scalability, and other attributes.

Why Benchmark Testing is Important

The importance of Benchmark Testing

Benchmark testing holds significant importance for several reasons, acting as a critical checkpoint to ensure software attains a predetermined standard before reaching end-users. Numerous other factors underscore the importance of this testing:

  • It comprehensively evaluates all performance aspects within the application, aiming for consistent and exemplary performance as user numbers scale in the future, ensuring optimal functionality under increased loads.
  • It confirms adherence to industry best practices and standards, guaranteeing a uniform and superior user experience for all stakeholders while also ensuring compliance with defined service level agreements (SLAs).
  • It serves as a proactive measure for future scalability planning, allowing organizations to assess the application’s readiness for projected growth by establishing benchmarks aligned with scalability objectives.
  • Following each new release, it assesses the application’s impact, behavior, and characteristics, facilitating ongoing optimization and refinement.
  • Benchmark tests are repeatable, maintaining consistent conditions across test runs to enable precise comparison of results, thereby fostering continuous evaluation and improvement of performance metrics.
  • Performance testing enhances software load and performance and improves overall application functionality, ensuring a seamless user experience across all system usage levels.

Types of Benchmark Testing

5 Types of Benchmark Testing

Benchmark testing can be categorized into several types. Each type of benchmark testing serves a unique purpose and provides insights into different aspects of system performance. Here is a breakdown of them:

System Benchmark

System benchmark testing evaluates a computer system’s overall performance, including its processor, memory, storage, and input/output capabilities. This type of benchmarking assesses the system’s ability to handle general computing tasks and provides a holistic view of its performance under typical usage conditions.

For example, benchmarking can reveal that competitor checkout processes are lightning-fast, prompting you to analyze theirs alongside your own benchmark results. This combined approach allows you to streamline the user experience and potentially boost conversion rates for your e-commerce service.

Application Benchmark

This kind of benchmark testing focuses on evaluating the performance of specific software applications or components. It measures factors such as response time, throughput, and resource utilization to assess how well an application performs under various scenarios. Application benchmarking helps identify performance bottlenecks and optimize software for better user experience.

Hardware Benchmark

The third type is hardware benchmark testing. It assesses the performance of individual hardware components, such as processors, graphics cards, and storage devices.

Hardware benchmarking aids in comparing and selecting hardware components based on performance requirements. As this CNET article highlights, various benchmark tests are employed to assess a computer’s performance under different workloads, providing valuable insights beyond just raw specifications.

Network Benchmark

Next, network benchmark testing evaluates network infrastructure performance, including switches, routers, and network interfaces. It measures parameters such as latency, throughput, and packet loss to assess the network’s capacity and reliability. Network benchmarking helps identify network bottlenecks, optimize network configurations, and ensure efficient data transfer across the network.

Storage Benchmark

Last but not least, storage benchmark testing assesses the performance of storage devices, such as hard drives, solid-state drives (SSDs), and storage arrays. It measures parameters like read/write speeds, IOPS (Input/Output Operations Per Second), and latency to evaluate the storage device’s performance under different workloads.

The Storage Performance Council (SPC) advocates offering insights about optimizing storage performance. This includes identifying bottlenecks, optimizing storage configurations, and ensuring fast and reliable data access.

How to Perform Benchmark Testing

Performing benchmark testing involves a systematic approach to ensure accurate evaluation and optimization of system performance. Let’s take a look at the key steps to conduct benchmark testing effectively:

Define Objectives and Scope

Start by clearly defining your aim with benchmark testing. This initial step sets the direction for your entire process. Whether you’re evaluating system performance, identifying bottlenecks, or comparing different configurations, your goals will determine what you test and how you measure it.

Additionally, determine the scope of your testing by specifying the components of the system you plan to test and the performance metrics you want to measure, such as response time, throughput, and resource utilization. By defining both your goals and the scope, you ensure your benchmark testing focuses on the most relevant aspects and provides actionable insights.

Select Benchmark Tools

Choosing the right tools is essential for effective benchmark testing. Thankfully, there are a variety of options available to suit your needs. Popular choices include JMeter for load and performance testing, LoadRunner for comprehensive evaluations, Apache Benchmark (ab) for quick HTTP load tests, and Geekbench for measuring CPU and memory performance. It is important to select tools that align with your testing requirements and the specific aspects of the system you want to evaluate.

Establish a Baseline

Effective benchmark testing hinges on establishing a baseline performance metric before making any changes. This baseline serves as a crucial reference point, allowing you to measure the impact of optimizations and modifications. To establish this baseline, gather data on key performance indicators (KPIs) like response time, throughput, and resource utilization in the system’s current state.

Test Creation

To thoroughly evaluate system performance, create test scenarios and workload models that simulate real-world usage patterns. This includes defining the number of virtual users, the rate of requests they generate, and the duration of the tests. By varying these factors, you can reflect different levels of load and stress on the system. Designing tests that cover a range of scenarios ensures a comprehensive assessment of its capabilities.

One of the best ways to create effective test scenarios is by applying BDD testing to the creation process. As its nature is to define scenarios in a human-readable language, it can help create scenarios that truly reflect real-world user journeys

Test Execution

After defining scenarios and workload models, execute the benchmark tests accordingly. We can automate the execution of benchmark tests using scripting tools or testing frameworks. This ensures consistent and repeatable results, minimizing human error.

Throughout this process, closely monitor system performance and resource utilization. To ensure consistent and accurate results, it’s crucial to conduct the tests under controlled conditions.

Test Collect and Analysis

Effective benchmark testing relies on gathering detailed data during execution. This data encompasses response times, throughput, error rates, and resource utilization metrics. By analyzing this data, we can pinpoint performance patterns, identify bottlenecks that might be slowing down the system, and detect any anomalies that require attention.

Let’s take a look at a sample benchmark testing result on response times:

     Test     Iter.   Stmt    Timing         SQL Statement
Numbr    Numbr   Numbr   (
002      05      01     00:00:01.34    CONNECT TO SAMPLE
002      05      10     00:02:08.15    OPEN cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.24    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.23    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.28    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.21    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.20    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.22    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      15     00:00:00.22    FETCH cursor_01
002      05      20     00:00:00.84    CLOSE cursor_01
002      05      99     00:00:00.03    CONNECT RESET/

Visualization tools such as graphs and charts play a crucial role in presenting this data clearly. This clear presentation allows us to gain valuable insights into system performance and develop solutions to address bottlenecks and anomalies, ultimately optimizing the system’s overall efficiency.

Optimize and Retest

Benchmark testing reveals areas for improvement. By analyzing these results, we can implement targeted optimizations like configuration adjustments, code optimization, or even hardware upgrades. Following each optimization, the system is retested to confirm the effectiveness of the changes. This iterative cycle ensures ongoing performance enhancements.

Here’s the summary of the discussion above:

7 Steps to Perform Benchmark Testing


Benchmark testing is a key practice for software development and performance. It measures and analyzes system performance to ensure smooth operation and user satisfaction. By testing under various conditions, it reveals bottlenecks, scalability concerns, and areas for improvement. This allows organizations to assess capabilities, set baselines, and make informed decisions. Ultimately, benchmark testing empowers organizations to deliver high-performing and reliable software solutions that meet the demands of today’s digital landscape.

Experienced developer passionate about delivering practical, innovative outsourcing software development solutions with integrity.
+84 (0)28 66809403
15 Thep Moi, Ward 12, Tan Binh District, Ho Chi Minh City