How to gain 60% costs saving for clients’ cloud platforms?

We are always making satisfaction to our clients by always trying to propose the best cloud configuration to optimize the costs.

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The challenges and our solutions

Cloud drives everything these days. Cloud technology, the wide array of cloud platforms available today enable apps and web services to run seamlessly on the cloud.

However, as more and more businesses move their workloads to the cloud, the first pain point they face is high operational cost.

Here are a few reasons:

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Lack of visibility

The lack of an executive dashboard gives organizations no way to optimize, monitor or organize any of the cloud activities and hence, costs.

A very simple example is about the NAT costs. Sometimes we call our internal API using public endpoint. The network traffic charges us very much.

Resolutions

We’ve deeply understood the cloud platform features and their hidden costs. That is the reason why we can suggest the best solution to minimize that amount.

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Improper provisioning

Provisioning refers to the allocation and management of cloud resources by the cloud provider to its customers. A cloud application development company should be able to anticipate how many resources it will require.

Failure to do this leads to unnecessary cloud costs and inefficiencies. In case of under provisioning, the effect is visible in terms of low performance and high latency of jobs, which leads to poor user experience.

In case of over provisioning, clusters are flooded with servers and several cloud resources remain idle. The cloud resource user will be forced to pay for these unused resources anyway leading to unnecessary costs.

Resolutions

We’ve analyzed carefully the system architecture and propose the best configuration to make sure:

  • Resources are allocated properly
  • Have a flexible scaling solution to make sure the core business can work continuously for the maximum designed capacity.
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Poor application architecture design

While developing a cloud application, few software architects have the knowledge of designing and building a cloud application architecture.

Furthermore, they rarely take the pain of taking into account the costs associated with specific application features. For example, the cost of a certain query for a widget installed in a web application may cost thousands of dollars.

This lack of skills and experience often leads to applications that are poorly designed for cloud-based platforms, thus failing to deliver the true value of the cloud platform.

Resolutions

This is the key reason for an inefficient-high-costs cloud-based system.

Unfortunately, this is the hardest point to be fixed.

If the system is designed by HDWEBSOFT, it’s easy because we will make sure that things never happen.

But if it’s a legacy system, we will step by step learn from its pains and step by step resolve the issues to make sure we can save a competent amount without a long downtime period.

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Lack of accountability

With the absence of individual login credentials, any user can login to the cloud platform at any time and may add/delete/modify operations.

Due to this nature of anonymity, it is very difficult to figure out who modified what and when. This has direct security and cost implications on the company.

For example, a malicious insider may attempt to transfer a sensitive file/data to someone outside the cloud via email or a pen drive.

If the cloud administrator is not well-equipped to know when, where, how and what was being leaked, and by whom, it turns out to be a problematic process to investigate insider jobs.

Resolutions

Our solutions for this point is:

  • Avoid owner/admin access as much as possible.
  • All the changes will be monitored and declared the needed information:
    • Purpose: What does it do?
    • Estimated costs: How much would it cost?
    • Expiry: When it completed its duty?
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Inefficient Budget Forecasting

Most cloud platforms, like AWS, provide auto scaling features to control cloud cost by adjusting capacity.

However, they find it difficult to forecast cloud costs when there are plans to introduce new services/apps, business demand for existing services change, and when the software efficiency fluctuates on existing services.

The forecasting is complex, and it requires setting up process and workflows, deep expertise, and the right data.

Resolutions

We can provide accurate cost estimation for static resources and pay-as-you-go resources with predictable by-the-time-being resource usage.

But auto-scaling is quite a hard story. We need to monitor the system for a few months to identify the resource usage statistics.

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Approach towards Policies and Methodologies

Misaligned approaches between your teams/departments are a hurdle that can make or break your cloud cost optimization efforts.

When each team or department tries to follow their own method for managing cloud resources and cost, the result is more focused towards organizational change, rather than technology implementation.

This can be difficult and tricky to manage, especially if the teams are not on the same page in terms of cost optimization.

Resolutions

This is a hard story if the system is not managed and monitored by HDWEBSOFT.

But if HDWEBSOFT plays that role, we will have monitoring for the resource usages and billing forecast to find the abnormal behavior, announce about the bad practice and force the team to follow the process.

Let’s discuss about your cloud-based application

Our cloud costs optimization techniques

Stop running instances that are not in use

In theory, not closing an unwanted instance is equal to leaving the lights of a room on, when not in use. These unnecessary instances, or rather “zombie” instances may continue running 24/7, even though no one is actually using them overnight or on the weekends and add up to your bill.

Choose the right type of instances for your requirement

Often when companies are not well aware of all kinds of instances and functionalities, they end up using a wrong instance for their application. Therefore, it is of prime importance to know about the various instances offered by the cloud service provider before deploying your service.

Use discounts and free storage whenever possible

Reserved, spot instances or another discount program could save a lot of money for cloud users. Buying in bulk assures of a lower cost than buying bits and pieces. Always be on the lookout for potential price reductions and discounts and grab the opportunity before it ceases to exist.

Centralized storage management

A centralized storage management is being implemented in most organizations today because of its multiple benefits. It is much easier to manage and monitor cloud usage using a central server. Cloud services must have policy enforcement to reduce the risks that inevitably come from decentralized acquisition of cloud services.

Using serverless services

Serverless computing services, such as AWS Lambda, take away the need for developers or other IT staff to configure or manage cloud instances. The developer simply writes the code for the application, and the cloud service handles all the details of infrastructure deployment. That saves a tremendous amount of time, which in turn, reduces operating expenses.

Deploy containers

Containers have become an integral part of the deployment and testing process of all IT products because of the various benefits such as efficiency, simplicity, maintainability, portability and multi-cloud platforms. The most popular containers in use today are Kubernetes and Docker. Often used by IT teams taking DevOps approaches, containers package applications together with all their dependencies, making them easier to deploy, manage and/or migrate from one environment to another.

Use private network for internal communication

NAT traffic will charge you a large amount if you have a high traffic application and some of them communicate using a public access network. Instead, we need to use a private network for internal communication, including accessing 3rd party databases like Atlas or ElasticSearch.